The Incident Command System (ICS) was created in order to insure that “all risks” were taken care of as in made sure that the problem is fixed. The ICS comes from the FIRESCOPE: FIrefighting REsources of Southern California Organized for Potential Emergencies. The FIRESCOPE was invented because of many fires. Back when FIRESCOPE was created, California had many wildfires due to heat. You should continue to read this article if you would like to learn more about how ICS protects you.
The ICS is based on five management concepts:
- Unity of command: recognizable chain of command.
- Common terminology: standard code words.
- Management by objective: work toward objectives.
- Flexible and modular organization: operation can grow or diminish without disrupting the mission.
- Span of control: no one will manage more than 7 people (5 people is optimal).
The leader of the Incident Command System is the Incident Commander or IC. The next in line of power is the command staff: Public Information Officer, Safety Officer, Liaison Officer.
The Command Function
- Manages all SAR ops
- IC provides strategy
- Officers may have assistants
The Operations Function
- Operations Section Chief is assigned
- Operations grow from bottom- up as personnel and resources are needed
I learned that the ICS is a very special and important chain of command for SAR. If they didn’t have the ICS most of the cases of the missing men and women or hurt people wouldn’t have been solved.
Until next time, your friendly neighborhood Homeschooler…